The Rule of Mars: The Origins, History and Impact of Patriarchy (KIT Press, Late Spring 2006, $40) is a new collection of the best writings by leading scholars on the subject of patriarchy -- how it came to be the dominant social system, how it has been maintained, and its impact on contemporary life. Inspired by the work of archeologist Marija Gimbutas, editor Cristina Biaggi, Ph.D., has assembled 31 compelling essays that explain the underlying dynamics of our political and social life and encourage new ways of thinking. Dr. Biaggi contributes an essay that expands on Gimbutas’ Kurgan studies and examines why the Kurgans became warlike, as a model for an investigation into the advent of patriarchy.

Dr. Biaggi has been studying, lecturing and writing on pre-patriarchal times for the last thirty years. She explains the motivation behind The Rule of Mars:

I believe human beings are by nature peaceful, that aggression is not inborn. Violence is learned and, sometimes, it is even nourished. Like anthropologist Ashley Montague, I believe that "the way people behave is a reflection of what happens to them, not a reflection of their innate drives." If this is true, then why is there so much violence in the world? How can we explain what is happening in the Middle East, in Russia, or in the Sudan? If we are all born small, innocent, and helpless, with a genetic makeup bequeathed by our parents (and a soul of our own), why do some of us become suicide bombers? Suicide bombers are not born as such -- they are created and nurtured by the societies they come from. Those societies themselves are out of balance and are wreaking havoc on themselves and those around them, or perhaps these societies have been pushed into extreme responses by hostile neighbors. I find it helpful to search for the roots of a problem in order to understand its current manifestation. In order to comprehend a suicide bomber or a political entity like the Nazi party, or the slaughter of Native Americans by European invaders, we need to look into the distant past, to a time when patriarchy began.

Jared Diamond, Pulitzer Prize winning author of Guns, Germs and Steel, asks the question:

“Why have men come to dominate women in so many recent societies? That’s the central question of the rich array of chapters in this latest volume by prehistorian and artist Cristina Biaggi. As a bonus, this new book re-examines the most challenging question of historical linguistics: how the Indo-European language family, the family with by far the greatest number of native speakers in the modern world, originated and spread. Men and women alike will ponder, debate, and enjoy the ideas discussed here.”

About the Editor: Cristina Biaggi has lectured at The Smithsonian Institute, The 92nd Street Y, New York’s American Museum of Natural History, The Society of Women Geographers, The Glastonbury Conference, The Beijing Women’s Conference, and The Open Center. She organized a sold-out forum on “The Great Goddess: Her Enduring Presence, Power and Personality” for the American Museum of Natural History and subsequently participated in a similar program at the Smithsonian.

Dr. Biaggi’s first book, Habitations of the Great Goddess (Knowledge, Ideas & Trends, Inc or K.I.T., Inc., 1994), remains a classic study of the Goddess tombs, temples and art of Malta and the Orkney and Shetland islands off Scotland. Archaeologist Marija Gimbutas wrote a Foreword to this lavishly illustrated, pioneering examination of works created to honor the Great Goddess 6000-4000 years ago, predating God the Father.

In Dr. Biaggi’s In the Footsteps of the Goddess (knowledge, Ideas & Trends, Inc. or K.I.T., Inc., 2000), men and women share their personal experiences with the female divine. NPR’s Margot Adler said, “Cristina Biaggi has allowed us to eavesdrop as they [the contributors] recount their poetic, illuminating, and deeply moving stories of meeting the Goddess.”

The Rule of Mars: The Origins, History and Impact of Patriarchy edited by Cristina Biaggi, Ph.D.

460 pages, including index, glossary • 7 5/8 x 9 ½ • B/w illustrations

ISBN: 1-879198-31-2 • Price $40.00 plus shipping and handling • May 2006

Knowledge, Ideas & Trends, Inc., 1131-0 Tolland Tpke # 175, Manchester, CT 06042

860-646-0745 •

Contact: Diane Lewis, Common Sense Consulting • Book Publicity, 860-657-9522, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">

The Rule of Mars


The Rule of Mars is divided into five sections with writings by archaeologists, anthropologists, artists, poets and academics, representing many different countries of the world and belonging to the major races of humankind.

CHAPTER I: The Origins of Patriarchy

• “Tribal Elder Tales” compiled by Minnie Mace, tribal elder from Queensland, Australia

• “Notes on the Rise and Development of Patriarchy” by Heide Goettner-Abendroth, Ph.D. philosopher and cultural historian

• “The Saharasian Origins of Patriarchal Authoritarian Culture” by James DeMeo, Ph.D., founder of the Orgone Biophysical Research Lab and Greenspring Center, Ashland, Oregon

• “The Beginnings of Patriarchy in Europe” by Joan Marler, director and founder of the Institute of Archaeomythology and biographer of Marija Gimbutas

• “The Roots of Patriarchy in Europe, the Middle East, and Asia” by Cristina Biaggi, Ph.D., author/artist/lecturer

• “ Antigone in West Sumatra: Matriarchal Values in a Patriarchal Context” by Peggy Reeves Sanday, Ph.D., eminent anthropologist, author and Professor Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania

• “From Myth and Reality: The Projection of Gender Relations in Prehistoric China” by Cai Junsheng, senior research fellow of the Institute of Philosophy of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and has published a number of books

• “Eurasian Nomads and Patriarchy” by Jeannine Davis-Kimball, Ph.D., founder of the American-Eurasian Research Institute and the Center for the Study of Eurasian Nomads

• “The Roots of Indo-European Patriarchy” by Miriam Robbins Dexter, Ph.D. in Indo-European Studies, author, professor of Woman’s Studies and Honors Programs at UCLA

• “On the Patriarchal Transformation of Matricentric Cultures” by Carola Meier-Seethaler, Ph.D. in Ethics, Psychotherapist, Lecturer in Philosophy and Psychology

• “Why Did Patriarchy Supersede Egalitarianism?” by Harald Haarman, Ph.D., Internationally known linguist, author of more than 40 books, fluent in 20 languages

• “Magic Maidens and Heroic Horsemen in Romanian Folklore” by Adrian Poruciuc, Ph.D., linguist, Professor of Germanic and Indo-European Studies at Alexandru Ioan Cuza University in Iasi, Romania

• “From Priestess to Bride: Marriage as a Colonizing Process in Patriarchal Conquest” by Vicki Noble, feminist healer, teacher, artist, scholar and writer

• “Clan and Tribe” by Sandra Barnhouse, retired university publications editor, futurist and author

CHAPTER II: Ramifications of Patriarchy

• “Violence Against Women and Children in the Scriptures and in the Home” by Mara Keller, Ph.D., Professor of Religion and Director of the California Institute of Integral Studies

• “War Is Man’s Business” by Elinor Gadon, CIIS professor and author of The Once and Future Goddess

• “Perpetuating Patriarchy after the American Revolution” by Mark E. Kann, Ph.D., USC professor of political science and history and author of Punishment, Prisons, and Patriarchy

“Patriarchal Capitalism vs. A Gift Economy” by Genevieve Vaughn, founder of the Foundation for a Compassionate Society, organizer of several conferences on Matriarchal Studies, also a peace activist and philanthropist.

“The Role Patriarchy Plays in Our Contemporary World Situation” by Leslene della-Madre, writer, practitioner and teacher of feminist shamanic healing arts, and founder of Winged Women Return in CA

CHAPTER III: Philosophical Perspectives

• “A Letter to Cristina” by Glenda Cloughley, Ph.D., Jungian analyst, journalist, management consultant, composer, founding member of A Chorus of Women

• “Taming Testosterone” by educator and writer Jeanette Blonigen Clancy, educator, writer on issues of global justice, understanding and cooperation between nations, races and religion

• “Towards Neo-Patriarchy?” by Paola Melchiori, feminist philosopher

CHAPTER IV: The Personal IS Political

• “Seven Chariots of War” by Suzanne Bellamy, Australian artist, writer and teacher

• “Patriarchy and Its Toxicities -- Matriarchy and Its Possibilities” by Lucia Chiavola Birnbaum, Ph.D., author of several books on feminism and prehistory and Professor of Philosophy and Religion at CIIS, San Francisco

• “Observations on Patriarchy and Its Decline” by Tatyana Mamonova, exiled Russian poet, writer and activist and recipient of the Living Legacy Award for her outstanding contributions to humanity

• “Becoming Viable” by Starr Goode, poet, writer, teacher of literature at National University

• “Placating the Beast: How Women Sustain Patriarchy” by Stephanie Hiller, writer, environmentalist, and editor of Awakened Woman e-magazine

• Patriarchy: The Role Women Play” by Kristina Berggren, Ph.D., archaeologist and a specialist in late Bronze Age religion in Europe

CHAPTER V : Pathways for Change

• “Changing Our Ways of Thinking” by Mary E. Clark, Ph.D., biologist, author and educator

• “Partnership: Beyond Patriarchy and Matriarchy” by Riane Eisler, author of the international bestseller The Chalice and The Blade and president of the Center for Partnership Studies

• “Options for the Future: Transforming Patriarchy Through a Process of Cultural Metamorphosis” by Imogene Drummond, psychotherapist, painter and writer